To test for refraction as the cause of lensing, Dr. Gupta’s paper suggests no lensing effect will be seen near a body without an atmosphere. The international project makes use of the 1.3-meter Warsaw telescope at Las Campanas, Chile, to search for microlensing events. Credit: ESA and the Planck Collaboration This signal, first discovered in 2013, is not a direct probe of the inflationary phase but is induced by the cosmic web of massive structures that populate the Universe and change the path of …

Not only does it tug away at you, me, planets, moons and stars, but it can even bend light itself. This review will concentrate on weak lensing, and describe a new survey, the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS) that is designed to study galaxy halo masses, extents and shapes as a function of environment, galaxy type and redshift.

General Relativity does not like to use such simple and classical explanations. This is an image of the starburst galaxy NGC 1569. Gravitational lensing occurs when two galaxies happen to aligned with one another along our line of sight in the sky. Although the stellar orbits are cited as indirect evidence of a black hole, and the validity of General Relativity, they do not exhibit the predicted optical distortion to indicate gravitational lensing. Well,gravity’s a funny thing. ... What does the degree of gravitational lensing seen in this image indicate? Gravitational lensing tells us that instead of travelling in a straight line, light from a source can be bent by a massive object, like a black hole or a galaxy, which itself bends space time. And once you’re bending light, well, you’ve got yourself a telescope.

Gravitational lensing creates two images because light from a given source is being bent around both sides of the object doing the lensing. Thanks for A2A.

1996; Broadhurst et al. General Relativity is the stalwart theory behind almost all theoretical astro-physics. Einstein proposed gravitational lensing as one of three tests. Study Murray State University Biology flashcards and notes. Because of Einstein's famous E=mc^2, energy and mass are the same thing.

In the following decades, light deflection or gravitational lensing was only very rarely the topic of a research paper: In 1924, Chwolson mentioned the idea of a “fictitous double star” and the mirror-reversed nature of the secondary image. Improvements in gravitational-lensing modeling together with the fabulous image quality of the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) have led to the identification of increasing numbers of multiply-lensed images and the discovery of some surprisingly large lenses (e.g., Kneib et al. The gravitational lensing and the optics analogy is described in more detail here, page by Surdej et al Intro to weak lensing Santa Fe lectures, M. White.