Remote-sensing payloads will perform high-resolution imaging of the Sun's atmosphere – the corona – as well as the solar disc.
Solar Orbiter is scheduled to reach its orbit by the end of 2021 which makes its journey to reach its destined orbit take less than 2 years. Solar Orbiter will address big questions in Solar System science to help us understand how our star creates and controls the giant bubble of plasma that surrounds the whole Solar System and influences the planets within it. Studying the Sun up close, taking high-resolution images of the Sun's poles for the first time, and understanding the Sun-Earth connection . The Solar Orbiter (SolO) is a Sun-observing satellite, developed by the European Space Agency (ESA). In situ instruments will measure the solar wind and the solar magnetic field in the vicinity of the orbiter. Solar Orbiter will take just under two years to reach its initial operational orbit, making use of gravity-assist flybys of Earth and Venus to enter a highly elliptical orbit around the Sun.

... After launch, Solar Orbiter will take approximately 3.5 years, using repeated gravity assists from Earth and Venus, to reach its operational orbit, an elliptical orbit with perihelion 0.28 au and aphelion 0.91 au. The mission. Orbit: Solar Orbiter will be placed into an elliptical orbit around the sun coming as close to 26 million miles away from the star every five months -- even closer than Mercury.It will take three years to reach this orbit. Solar Orbiter . Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind. The first flyby will be Venus in December 2020.
NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. Solar Orbiter will use a combination of 10 in situ and remote-sensing instruments to observe the turbulent solar surface, the Sun's hot outer atmosphere and changes in the solar wind. Solar Orbiter will use the gravitational power of Earth and Venus to position itself into a highly elliptical orbit around the Sun.