Saturn - Saturn - Spacecraft exploration: The first spacecraft to visit Saturn, the U.S. Pioneer 11, was one of a pair of probes launched in the early 1970s to Jupiter. April 5, 1973, named Pioneer 11. Pioneer 11 Launched in 1973, Pioneer 11 made a flyby of Jupiter, and used the planet’s gravity to change its trajectory to intercept Saturn. Pioneer 10, 11 Part of the Pioneer program . After exploring the regions of space beyond the orbit of Mars, both spacecraft encountered Jupiter and then Pioneer 11 was targeted for Saturn. Fact 82: The 4 robotic spacecraft to visit Saturn are Pioneer 11, Voyager 1 and 2, and the Cassini-Huygens mission.
These two spacecraft were the rust to be launched with enough energy to escape the solar system. Both Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 had plaques …

Fact 83: Saturn has the largest and most prominent ring system of all the planets in the Solar System. Pioneer 11 flew to within 21,000 kilometers of Saturn and took the first close-up pictures of the planet. Pioneer 11 was launched one year after Pioneer 10 so its umjectory Pioneer 11 (also known as Pioneer G) was the second mission to visit Jupiter and the first mission to visit Saturn.The spacecraft was launched on April 6, 1973 and flew by Jupiter on December 4, 1974 and Saturn on September 1, 1979.The probe was last heard from November 1995 when the last communication between Earth and the probe ended.. Saturn Through Rings Pioneer 11 was the first spacecraft to pass near Saturn's gorgeous ring system. Pioneer Saturn carried 11 operating scientific instruments. Cassini viewed Saturn at similar season in early February 2009. cc-by-nc-sa This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License . Instruments located two previously undiscovered small moons and an additional ring, charted Saturn's magnetosphere and magnetic field and found its planet-size moon, Titan, to be too cold for life.

Acting as pathfinders for the Voyager missions, the vehicles provided the first up-close science observations of these planets, as well as information about the environments that would be encountered by the Voyagers.
Pioneer 11 passed by Saturn on September 1, 1979, at a distance of 21,000 km from Saturn's cloud tops.

Pioneer 11, launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., April 5, 1973, started taking pictures of Saturn last Monday, and by next Monday it will be sending back … On approach to Saturn on September 1, 1979, Pioneer 11 gazed on the unlit northern face of the rings. Pioneer 11, later named Pioneer Saturn, reached its point of closest approach to Saturn on September 1, 1979. Saturn can be seen here with its largest moon Titan during Pioneer 11's approach.