Activities in Earth System modeling and data assimilation aim to maximize the impact of satellite observations on analyses and predictions of the atmosphere, ocean, land and cryosphere.

Nineteen of the 20 warmest years all have occurred since 2001, with the exception of 1998.
Cosmology is the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole. Three fifths of the Earth's surface is under the ocean, and the ocean floor is as rich in detail as the land surface with which we are familiar.

Graphs and tables are updated around the middle of every month using current data files from NOAA GHCN v4 (meteorological stations), and ERSST v5 (ocean areas), combined as described in our publications Hansen et al. This animation simulates a drop in sea level that gradually reveals this detail. The Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) supports NASA's Earth Science mission.

This graph illustrates the change in global surface temperature relative to 1951-1980 average temperatures. This visualization shows ocean surface currents around the world during the period from June 2005 through December 2007.

The 210-acre facility is located four miles from the GSFC main site on Springfield Road.

The OMI/TOMS Sulfur Dioxide Group uses Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) data to measure and map volcanic sulfur dioxide and ash emissions for volcanic eruptions worldwide.

The Goddard Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory (GGAO) is the home of pioneering research in many scientific areas. This visualization was produced using model output from the joint MIT/JPL project: Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the … The year 2016 ranks as the warmest on record. Cosmology: The Study of the Universe. (Source: NASA/GISS). As the sea level drops, the continental shelves appear immediately.
The current version of Panoply is 4.11.0, released 2020-01-31. Panoply is a cross-platform application that runs on Macintosh, Windows, Linux and other desktop computers. It endeavors to use the scientific method to understand the origin, evolution and ultimate fate of the entire Universe. Scientific application of lasers, astronomy, and solar physics, are just a few examples. The GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP v4) is an estimate of global surface temperature change. The visualization does not include a narration or annotations; the goal was to use ocean flow data to create a simple, visceral experience.