The epicentre of the earthquake was located doi: 10.17226/2027. Lodi SH*, Rafeeqi SFA** * Professor, ** Professor and Chairman Department of Civil Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan. As we study and explore landforms we learn and better understand how today 's structures came about, what took place decades ago and where do we go from here.

ii. Previously we derived several discrete distributions to describe earthquake numbers for the branching model of earthquake occurrence: these distributions are the Poisson, geometric, logarithmic, and the negative binomial (NBD). ABSTRACT Human Response to natural hazards and disasters has always been a subject of intense investigation and study. TOHOKU, Japan, Friday, Mar.

While disasters reduce economic activity in the short run, subsequent reconstruction efforts tend to boost output growth. "National Research Council. The theoretical model is the `birth and immigration' population process.

Thanks to the technology and inquiring minds we are able to study past events like the 1906 The Tohoku Pacific earthquake occurred as the Japanese economy appeared to be emerging from a lull in the latter part of 2010. The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. But we can be better prepared to meet earthquakes by: i. Constructing earthquake resistant buildings and structures.

Building practices can make all the difference in earthquakes, even a moderate rupture beneath a city with structures unprepared for shaking can produce tens of thousands of casualties. Earthquakes are less advantageous and more harmful to man. This will reduce the number of casualties and cause lesser economic damage.

Survival rates in the San Francisco earthquake was about 98%, that in the Messina earthquake was between 33% and 45%) (Zebrowski, 1997). We discuss various statistical distributions of earthquake numbers. Human life requires immediate medical aid and reconstruction services.


Earthquakes- Consequences and Response. 11 -Yesterday, a 9.0 magnitude Earthquake struck the east of Tohoku, Japan. Damage done is chiefly in following respects: Damage done is chiefly in following respects: Loss of Property: Severe earthquakes reduce to rubble human structures ranging from huts to palaces and single storey to multi storey buildings. The government has started discussions on reconstruction measures. For every earthquake there are various effects and consequences, these are generally not preventable but teachable moments. Earthquakes cause tremendous harm to human life, environment, and surroundings. Historically earthquakes are supposed to be one of the major natural … Suggested Citation:"4 DIFFERENTIAL IMPACT OF EARTHQUAKE EVENTS.